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Another article I wrote related to Economics. Dormers always find it convenient and a happy treat to call for delivery, as long as they have money for it.

“Pa-deli tayo!”

Pagpatak pa lang ng alas-singko ng hapon, asahan mo nang maririnig mo ito sa mga usapan ng mga Pisay dormers. Ang “deli” ay salitang pabalbal sa “delivery” na maaaring napaikli na sa paglipas ng panahon at dahil na rin upang mapadali ang pagbigkas sa pag-aanyaya sa mga taong nais sumama.

Ang delivery ay tila isa ng ritwal na naging parte na ng buhay ng isang Pisay dormer. Ngunit bakit pa nga ba magpapa-deli kung mayroon namang Pisay cafeteria? At heto ang mga kasagutan:

Una nagkakaroon ang mga Pisay dormers ng pagsasawa o LDMU (Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility). Sa LDMU, habang dumadalas ang paggamit ng isang bagay, bumababa rin ang “satisfaction” ng gumagamit nito. Ganito rin ang sitwasyon sa mga Pisay dormers. Araw-araw, palagi na lang caf food kaya bakit hindi naman maghanap ng iba? Ngunit alam naman nating may kaunting kamurahan ang caf food kaysa fastfood.

Kaya naman sa mga panahong nakakaluwag sa higpit ng sinturon ang mga dormers saka lang sila nagpapa-deliver lalo na sa mga panahon ng linggo ng stipends. Tumataas ang kanilang mga baon, kaya naman bakit hindi na lang bumili ng mga fastfood para mabago? Dito, masasabi natin na ang fastfood ay isang superior good kung saan nabibili lamang kapag nagkakaroon ka na ng kakayahang mabili ito habang ang cafeteria food ay palaging “last choice”.

Narito ang listahan ng mga pinakamadalas dumalaw na fastfood delivery chains sa GRHM:

  • Jollibee
  • Mcdonalds
  • Greenwich
  • Chowking
  • Binalot
  • Box-O-Rice
  • Yoshinoya
  • Tapa King
  • KFC
  • Kenny Rogers
  • Sbarro
  • Wendy’s
  • Burger King

Napapansin na rin na dumadalang ang nagpapa-deliver sa Jollibee, KFC at Greenwich. Dahil na rin sa araw-araw sila nakikita’t napagbibilhan sa cafeteria, nagsasawa na rin ang mga dormers sa panlasa nila. Paglipas ng panahon, mas naghahanap ng bago ang mga dormers at dumidiskubre ng mga bagong delivery chains tulad ng  Sbarro, Kenny Rogers at Binalot.

Kaya naman tara! Tawag na!

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I needed to write an article related to Economics, so I thought of discussing the money value of twenty pesos this present time.

Lahat ng bagay ay kumukupas.

At sa pagkupas, kasabay ang pagkawala ng halaga nito. Ang bisikleta na palagi mong sinasakya’y marahil kalawangin na’t malambot ang mga gulong na hindi na halos nagagamit. Kahit ang lolo mo marahil ay malakas ang pangangatawan, malinaw ang mga mata, at maiitim at malago ang buhok noong kanyang kabataan, ay uugod-ugod na, ubanin at malabo ang mga mata. Ganito rin ang nangyayari sa halaga ng pera.

Pera ang tawiran ng bentahan, bilihan at kalakalan. Ito rin ang nagdidikta ng halaga ng isang bagay. Hindi maiiwasan sa paglipas ng panahon ay magkaroon ng inflation, ang pagbaba o pagtataas ng presyo ngunit kadalasan ay nangyayari ang pagtaas. Kaya naman ang dati mong kayang bilhin sa isang yunit ng pera ay marahil hindi mo na kayang bilhin sa susunod na panahon. Nawawala ang dating halaga ng pera.

Ayon kay Sir Espanol, alumni ng Pisay, nakakabili pa siya ng coke, bear claw, knick knacks, at chocolate roll sa Cafeteria sa halagang bente pesos noong kabataan niya. Marami-rami’t nakakabusog na rin para sa isang kainan. Kahit isang ulam at isang kanin ay kasya na rin daw. Ganoon nga siguro kamura ang mga pagkain noon.

Ito ang hamon ngayon: ano pa kaya ang mabibili ng bente pesos, na siyang pinakamaliit na perang papel ngayon sa Pilipinas, sa Pisay cafeteria?

  • Anon1: Cheezy (P19)
  • Anon2: Iced tea (P121) and small junkfood (P8)
  • Anon3: Cupcake (P18)
  • Anon4: Half Rice (P5), Food Sauce (0), Fun Chum (P8), Spork (P2)
  • Anon5: Bottled Water (P13)
  • Anon6: Orange Juice (P16)
  • Anon7: Cheeze it (P6), Loaded (P6), Funchum (P8)
  • Anon8: Bottled Water (P15)
  • Anon9: Whole Rice (P8), Spork (P2), Sabaw (P0), Siomai (P8.50), Candy (P1)
  • Anon10: Ensaymada (P20) (sakto at pwede na rin)
  • Anon11: Bottled Water (P13)
  • Anon12: Small Bottled C2 (P17)
  • Anon13: Nestea (P18) (may nabibili ba sa bente?)
  • Anon14: Donut (P14), Candies (P6)
  • Anon15: Bottled Water (P15)
  • Anon16: Buttered Corn (P15)
  • Anon17: 2 Siomai (P15)
  • Anon18: Half Rice (P5), 2 Siomai (P15) (magkakamay na lang)
  • Anon19: Buko Juice (P14)
  • Anon20: 2 Rice (P16), Sabaw (P0)
  • Anon21: Butter Coconut (P12), Funchum (P8)
  • Anon22: 2 Siomai (P15) (may nabibili ba sa bente?)
  • Anon23: Banana-cue (P15)
  • Anon 24: Kitkat (P11)
  • Anon25: Butter Coconut (P15)
  • Anon 26: Sago’t Gulaman (P20)
  • Anon27: Half Rice (P5)

Marami ang tila hanggang tubig lang ang kinaya nilang bilhin, ang iba naman ay funchum at iba pang inumin. Hanggang pampalipas-uhaw lang yata ang bente sa kanila ngunit maaaring  nakakabigat na rin ng tiyan. Karamihan din ay naisipang bumili ng mga pampalipas-gutom na meryenda tulad ng mga biscuit, tinapay at mga chichiria. Meron din namang naisip na bumili ng kanin at ulam na isang siomai, o sabaw o food sauce para mabusog. Marahil ay pinakanakakatuwang ideya ito dahil naipagkasya nila sa bente pesos ang rice meal. Kaya naman pala kung gugustuhin.

Hindi naiwasang masambit ng iba, “May nabibili pa ba sa bente?”. Ang naiisip nila marahil ay kung may nakakabusog pa bang nabibili sa bente pesos. Maaaring wala na nga sa ngayon. Ngunit kung ang habol mo ay manaka-nakang pagkain, mayroon pa naman: kaunting tinapay, inumin, junkfood na pangmeryenda.

Asahan natin sa paglipas ng panahon ang bente pesos ngayon na may naibibili pa ay wala na. Kendi sa bente pesos?

Introduction:

This is a diary entry of a minstrel, traveling in a group of three on their way to the town of Canterbury to perform in the upcoming carnival. Minstrels are the early form of troubadours in the Middle Ages, who usually sing and dance ballad, songs, and other type of music in public to earn money and other materials. They also perform in front of aristocrats, nobles and kings whenever they are summoned for entertainment.

First Diary Entry:

“We, the traveling trio, had surely come a long way as far as eastern Kent to set foot on this enchanted and bustling town of Canterbury. We came from the town of Dover, and headed straight here, for we heard about the upcoming carnival. And it looks like we were right; everybody seems to be as busy as they could ever be.

Big John suggested that we should take a rest for a while, and then decide things later. I may have fully agreed to his idea because I really wanted to rest my body from our tiring journey all the way here. We stayed in this little yet cozy inn at the west of the town, and maybe, will be staying for a longer time, depending whether we have to perform or not. Old Dan left for a while to learn more about the carnival so we can decide our further actions in this town. Then, Big John also left the inn to join with the leader. But I think that he went out just to flirt with all the women with all his sweet talk! He’s such a Casanova! As for me, well, I was too tired to go outside and so, I waited for their return.

It was almost dark when they went home, and surely I was bored being myself for some hours that I slept it all away. But I was awakened by their voices that I managed to get up. Then Old Dan said that due to the upcoming carnival, we would be staying here for a while. I did not know what he meant by “a while”, and so, I was thinking that maybe we would be here for a week or more. That would be great, because I didn’t want just to leave this town without a single performance. Yes, talking about performance, we would be performing for our money’s cutting short really fast, and so we would like to earn some in this carnival. But of course, we would also like to share our wondrous tales and songs we have heard and learned from various lands. I am sure that people of Canterbury would be thrilled to hear them, and I do hope we will do well for the upcoming celebration.”

Second Diary Entry:

“Many people had already gathered in the main road when we arrived, and truly everybody was having fun at different shows of various performers. Some made a puppet show, and nearly all laughed on how they were putting up silly jokes at the audience. Many danced some folk music, and almost everybody started to join the dance as well when they heard the instruments playing.

Now it was our turn, the minstrels, to perform. Old Ben started a very catchy and joyful tune with his tin flute. I really have to say that he’s really very talented in playing flutes, that he even awed the audience. Big John and I started to play as well, with his fiddle and with my harp. Then we sang a ballad, “The Painful Plough”:

‘Come, all you jolly ploughmen, of courage stout and bold,
That labour all the winter in stormy winds, and cold;
To clothe the fields with plenty, your farm-yards to renew,
To crown them with contentment, behold the painful plough!’

‘Hold! ploughman,’ said the gardener, ‘don’t count your trade with ours,
Walk through the garden, and view the early flowers;
Also the curious border and pleasant walks go view, –
There’s none such peace and plenty performed by the plough!’

‘Hold! gardener,’ said the ploughman, ‘my calling don’t despise,
Each man for his living upon his trade relies;
Were it not for the ploughman, both rich and poor would rue,
For we are all dependent upon the painful plough.

‘Adam in the garden was sent to keep it right,
But the length of time he stayed there, I believe it was one night;
Yet of his own labour, I call it not his due,
Soon he lost his garden, and went to hold the plough.

‘For Adam was a ploughman when ploughing first begun,
The next that did succeed him was Cain, the eldest son;
Some of the generation this calling now pursue;
That bread may not be wanting, remains the painful plough.

Samson was the strongest man, and Solomon was wise,
Alexander for to conquer ’twas all his daily prise;
King David was valiant, and many thousands slew,
Yet none of these brave heroes could live without the plough!

Behold the wealthy merchant, that trades in foreign seas,
And brings home gold and treasure for those who live at ease;
With fine silks and spices, and fruits also, too,
They are brought from the Indies by virtue of the plough.

‘For they must have bread, biscuit, rice pudding, flour and peas,
To feed the jolly sailors as they sail o’er the seas;
And the man that brings them will own to what is true,
He cannot sail the ocean without the painful plough!

‘I hope there’s none offended at me for singing this,
For it is not intended for anything amiss.
If you consider rightly, you’ll find what I say is true,
For all that you can mention depends upon the plough.’

After we finished the song, we might have turned deaf when everybody cheered and clapped so loudly for us. Then one of them just shouted that they wanted one more song, and so, everybody else shouted the same. Of course, we couldn’t just ignore such a request, and so we decided to perform an another ballad, “Why Should We Quarrel for Riches”:

How pleasant a sailor’s life passes,
Who roams o’er the watery main!
No treasure he ever amasses,
But cheerfully spends all his gain.
We’re strangers to party and faction,
To honour and honesty true;
And would not commit a bad action
For power or profit in view.
Then why should we quarrel for riches,
Or any such glittering toys;
A light heart, and a thin pair of breeches,
Will go through the world, my brave boys!

The world is a beautiful garden,
Enriched with the blessings of life,
The toiler with plenty rewarding,
Which plenty too often breeds strife.
When terrible tempests assail us,
And mountainous billows affright,
No grandeur or wealth can avail us,
But skilful industry steers right.
Then why, &c.

The courtier’s more subject to dangers,
Who rules at the helm of the state,
Than we that, to politics strangers,
Escape the snares laid for the great.
The various blessings of nature,
In various nations we try;
No mortals than us can be greater,
Who merrily live till we die.
Then why should, &c.

The crowd clapped for us in the second time, but this time, much louder than ever that we could hardly hear each other’s voices. We were really quite happy that our performance was a success. People gave us some coins, food and wine as a reward for our wonderful act, and of course, we thanked them for such generosity. Even the innkeeper that we checked in told us that we could stay for free until the carnival is over! I never met such wonderful people in my life, compared to our travels in the previous towns we have visited.

As for the next days, we would still be performing some more. Just then, I realized that I really love the life of a minstrel, and I am grateful that Old Dan and Big John invited me to join in their group as traveling performers.”

RAVANA’S BOON

BRAHMA: I am Brahma, creator of the three worlds, Lord of the Gods. I am pleased with you Ravana. You have disciplined yourself and meditated for these many years. And now, I will grant you any wish you desire.

RAVANA: I want to live forever, O great One.

BRAHMA: That, my child, I cannot grant. You know very well that not even I can grant that wish.

RAVANA: Then let it be that I, Ravana, be granted of his wish for immortality, O lord of Creation.

BRAHMA: Let it be done.

RAVANA: Now my brother, I have the power to destroy you.

MEETING OF THE GODS

GODS: Help us O Great Brahma! The demon Ravana is abusing the boon that you have given him. He had defeated his brother and taken his throne. He even has the sun under his command! Only you can help us O lord.

BRAHMA: Ravana… he has only one strength. He is immortal indeed, and so, he will not die of aging. This gives him eternity to increase his strength, and thus to be more invincible each time. But immortality does not protect him to death completely; he can die of any illness, or be slain.

AGNI: Lord Vishnu, we beg of you to be born of man. So that Ravana may be defeated once for all.

VISHNU: Fear no more! I shall take birth as a man and slay Ravana and his kinsmen. But where shall I be born as a man?

AGNI: There is a just and wise king of Koshala, a land where men are prosperous and happy. Lovely gardens and pools of water adorn this beauty. Learned men and skilled warriors of all kinds roam. Here you will be born as a prince.

BRAHMA: Let it be done.

Ravana must have thought that immortality and “to live forever” is the same. But he got it all wrong, and it would have been wiser for him to ask for invincibility instead, which he would later need to win the wars.

Here is my interpretation about the idea of immortality.

I – mmune to aging

Naturally if you are immortal, you’ll be ageless. You’ll stop from aging and you’re body will continue to stabilize itself. In short, you’ll gain eternal youth.

M – esmerizing

It’s quite amazing. Your personal aging clock suddenly stops, but the natural processes of your body still go on, like nothing happens.

M – adness

It’s just too foolish to lengthen your life span because it’s quite illogical and unnatural. We humans are created so that we may learn how to value each time we spend in our lives. We are given this challenge to live our lives to the fullest.

O – ntological

It’s very unrealistic and impossible. How can someone live forever anyway? It’s against the laws of nature. So you cannot achieve immortality in the first place.

R – apacious

Only greedy people want immortality. They just wanted to care for their wealth, power and fame for selfish reasons. It’s like one lifetime is not enough for them to seek for materialistic treasure.

T – edious

It’s boring and dull. People know they have a limited time so they do whatever they can to live their lives to the fullest. They seek the wonders of life, trying to do something worthwhile and worth living. But if you know you  have an eternal life, you’ll just tend to slack off and do nothing; let all good opportunities pass by.

A – bandoned

You’ll live forever but your loved ones won’t, and it’s quite sad to experience a lot of deaths of relatives. And when they’re gone, you’ll just feel alone.

L – imited

It’s true that you won’t die of aging. But still you can die of sickness or be killed. Immortality is a very limited offering.

So now, we can say that Ravana had made the greatest mistake of his life. He’d better regret it.

Funny, but time really does exist in my opinion. To explain this, there are three facts that I want to consider: it is existent, it exists differently in each of us, and it cannot be altered so easily for it maintains the delicate balance in all of us.

Time cannot be measured by any exact unit, such as minutes, hours, days or even years. It is more of an entity or an instinct that dictates and guides as in our everyday biological lives. It also governs us so life will be possible. In our case it tells us a lot of things. When you feel the urge of weariness, especially in our eyes, this tells us that it is time to sleep, to recharge ourselves so that we will be ready for tomorrow’s another tiring day. If we hear our stomach rumble, we know that it is time to eat, for there is a certain time span for digestion. And if we feel the urge of you-know-what-it-is, you go to the comfort room. Even the menstruation of a woman has a definite time interval.

During autumnal days, migratory birds and other animals know that this is the right time to migrate and fly to other places. For winter preparations, squirrels, bears and insects prepare themselves and they know that this is the time to hibernate for survival needs. Salmons, in a definite time of the year, swim up to the waterfalls to the shallow quiet rivers to mate, spawn and die.

Plants too are followers of the tide of time. When snow already melts,  new leaves shoots from the branches of the deciduous trees, flowers bloom out their fragrances, and seeds and grass sprout from the ground.

It’s true that time exists; however, there is difference on how time exists in each of us. For example, my body tends to wake up by eight ‘o clock, but it will be different in my sister who wakes up about ten ‘o clock in the morning. In the case of animals, eagles are day-hunters, which mean they hunt their food during the day, but it would be different to the owls, which are nocturnes. And in plants, mangoes and other flowering trees bloom in the hot summer months such as March and May, while tamarinds bloom during rainy months of June and July.

Time is naturally-occurring; however there will be always certain factors that will force us to change our flow of time. We, humans, made our own standardized method of time to help of schedule our day-to-day works and activities. As a student, I have to force myself to wake up by 5:30 AM everyday so that I will not be late in my classes, which contradicts what my body used to before. I eat by 6AM even though my stomach is not yet ready to accept any food to digest. In the midday during classes, my stomach now pleads for food, but even I want to, food is prohibited. By 10 PM in the night, there still a lot of workload to do even my eyes is already sleepy, and thus I sleep later than the usual.

This type of lifestyle certainly makes me sick, for this is not what time intended for me to do. My time still cannot cope to the change, but I know it will be sometime soon. But I would still prefer what I used to be now.

Even animals and plants are affected by certain changes. Due to what-we-call “Climate Shift”, there are certain changes in the time of migration, whereas birds fly earlier than usual, and thus also affect the mating season.  Mating seasons happen earlier than spring, and when females laid their eggs, the weaklings that will be hatched out of these will be vulnerable to harsh winter conditions.

From the examples I’ve given above, it proves that our time cannot be altered so easily, for we are not used to change. Time takes care the delicate balance in each of us, thus when we summed all this up, it takes care the delicate natural balance of the world.  So when time is changed, it ruptures the delicate balance of us all. Time truly is important, and I think we should value and follow to the flow of it, so it will take care of us all.